What is the Difference Between a Pram and a Stroller? A Comprehensive Guide

If you are expecting a baby or already have one, you might wonder what is the best way to transport them when you are out and about. You might have heard of prams, strollers, buggies, pushchairs, carriages, etc., but do you know what they mean? Are they all the same thing, or are there any differences between them? This article will explain the difference between a pram and a stroller, two of the most common terms used to describe baby transport devices. We will also discuss the benefits and drawbacks of using a pram or a stroller for your baby and how to choose the best one for your needs and preferences.

The short answer is that a pram is a carriage for newborns and young babies who need to lie flat, while a stroller is a seat for older babies and toddlers who can sit up. A pram provides a comfortable and protected environment for your baby. Still, it is bulky and heavy to transport and store. A stroller is versatile and portable for travel and daily use. Still, it may need to be more suitable or cozy for your baby. There are also different types and features of prams and strollers that you can compare and choose from.

Understanding Prams and Strollers

What is a pram?

A pram, short for “perambulator,” is a traditional baby carriage designed to cradle newborns comfortably. Prams typically feature a bassinet-like compartment with a flat, padded surface where the baby can lie down fully stretched. These carriages often have large, sturdy wheels and a suspension system, ensuring a smooth and comfortable ride for the baby.

What is a stroller?

On the other hand, a stroller is a more modern and versatile baby transport solution. It is designed for older infants and toddlers who can sit upright. Strollers come with a seat that can be adjusted to various positions, including reclining for naps. They are typically more compact and lightweight than prams, making them ideal for travel and navigating urban landscapes.

Historical Evolution

Prams: A trip down memory lane

Prams have a rich history dating back to the 19th century. They were initially developed to transport infants while allowing them to lie flat, promoting better health and comfort. These early prams were opulent and often considered a symbol of prestige among the elite.

The stroller’s modern makeover

Strollers, in their modern form, began to emerge in the mid-20th century. With advancements in materials and design, strollers became more compact, foldable, and easier to maneuver. This transformation made them accessible to a broader range of parents.

Design and Functionality

Prams: The epitome of luxury

Prams are known for their luxurious design. They often feature high-quality materials and intricate details, such as leather and chrome. The bassinet-style compartment provides ample space for the baby to stretch out and sleep comfortably. Prams are perfect for leisurely walks and showcasing your baby in style.

Strollers: Compact and versatile

Strollers are designed for on-the-go parents. They are compact and can easily navigate through crowded places. Most strollers come with features like adjustable seats, storage baskets, and canopies for protection from the elements. They are a practical choice for busy parents.

Age Suitability

Prams for newborns

Prams are ideal for newborns up to six months old. Their flat, cushioned surface provides a safe and comfortable environment for your baby to lie down. It’s crucial for infants who cannot sit up on their own.

When to transition to a stroller

You can transition to a stroller as your baby grows and becomes more active, usually around six months. Strollers offer a seated position, allowing your baby to explore the world while securely strapped in.

Portability and Maneuverability

The convenience factor

Strollers are the winners in terms of portability. They are lightweight and easy to fold, making them suitable for travel and public transportation. Parents who are always on the move often prefer strollers for their convenience.

Navigating tight spaces

Due to their larger size and robust wheels, Prams may need to be more maneuverable in tight spaces. With their swivel wheels and compact design, strollers excel in crowded urban settings.

Comfort and Safety Features

Prams: A cocoon of comfort

Prams prioritize comfort with their spacious, cushioned interior. They often have built-in suspension systems, ensuring a smooth ride for your baby. The large, sturdy wheels provide stability on various terrains.

Strollers: Safety on the move

Strollers are equipped with safety features like harnesses and brakes. The adjustable seats ensure your child’s comfort during walks, and the canopy offers protection from the sun and rain.

Storage and Accessories

Prams vs. strollers: Who wins the storage battle?

Strollers often come with storage baskets, cup holders, and pockets for convenience. Prams, while luxurious, may lack the same storage options. Consider your storage needs when making a choice.

Must-have accessories

Both prams and strollers have a range of accessories available, such as rain covers, insect nets, and travel bags. These can enhance the functionality and comfort of your chosen baby transport solution.

Cost Considerations

Budget-friendly options

Strollers are generally more budget-friendly than prams. Suppose you’re looking for a cost-effective option without compromising safety and functionality. In that case, a stroller may be the way to go.

Investing in quality

Prams, often considered heirloom pieces, can be a significant investment. High-quality prams can last for generations and may be worth considering if you plan to have multiple children.

Environmental Impact

Sustainability in baby gear

In today’s environmentally conscious world, many parents are concerned about the ecological impact of their choices. Look for prams and strollers made from sustainable materials and consider their lifespan and recyclability.

Making an eco-conscious choice

Some brands offer eco-friendly options, such as strollers made from recycled materials or prams with replaceable parts to reduce waste. Make a choice that aligns with your environmental values.

Personal Preferences

Lifestyle and usage patterns

Consider your lifestyle and how you plan to use the pram or stroller. Do you need it for daily walks in the park, frequent trips to the mall, or occasional travel? Your preferences play a significant role in your choice.

What suits your family best?

Every family is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. Consider your family’s needs, including your child’s age, storage requirements, and budget, when deciding.

Maintenance and Cleaning

Keeping your pram or stroller in top condition

Regular maintenance is essential to ensure the longevity of your baby’s gear. Clean your pram or stroller according to the manufacturer’s guidelines and inspect it for wear and tear.

Cleaning tips and tricks

From removing stains to lubricating wheels, you can perform various cleaning and maintenance tasks to keep your pram or stroller in top shape.

Tips for Buying the Right Pram or Stroller

Research and comparison

Take the time to research different brands and models. Read reviews, compare features, and visit stores to test drive your chosen pram or stroller.

Test driving your choice.

Testing the pram or stroller in person allows you to assess its maneuverability, ease of use, and overall comfort. It’s an essential step in making the right decision for your family.

Practicality and Longevity

Making a choice that grows with your child

Consider a pram or stroller that can adapt as your child grows. Some models offer adjustable features that accommodate different stages of development.

Handing down the legacy

High-quality prams, in particular, can become heirlooms passed down through generations. Choose a pram or stroller that can withstand the test of time.


In the pram vs. stroller debate, there is no one-size-fits-all answer. Your choice should align with your family’s needs, lifestyle, and budget. Prams and strollers have unique advantages, and understanding their differences is crucial in making an informed decision. Whether you opt for a pram’s classic elegance or a stroller’s convenience, your baby’s comfort and safety should always be the top priority.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can a pram be used for a toddler?

Yes, prams can typically be used for newborns up to six months old. However, transitioning to a stroller is recommended for their comfort and safety as your child grows and becomes more active.

What are the critical safety features to look for in a stroller?

The safety features include a secure harness system, reliable brakes, and a stable frame. Ensure that the stroller meets safety standards and guidelines in your region.

Are all-terrain strollers suitable for city living?

All-terrain strollers are designed for rough terrains like trails and parks. While in the city, they can use it, they may not be as maneuverable in tight urban spaces as traditional strollers.

How can I ensure my pram or stroller lasts for multiple children?

Proper maintenance and cleaning are essential to prolong the life of your pram or stroller. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines, lubricate moving parts, and store them in a dry, clean area when not in use.

Are there any eco-friendly stroller options available?

Many brands now offer eco-friendly stroller options from recycled materials or sustainable design features. Look for certifications or information on the product’s environmental impact when choosing.

We hope this comprehensive guide has helped you understand the differences between prams and strollers and provided valuable insights to make the best choice for your family’s needs.

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